3 Causes of White Spots on Teeth & How to Get Rid of Them

3 Causes of White Spots on Teeth & How to Get Rid of Them

When teeth break through the gums, children usually suffer from fluorosis.

A buildup of bacteria can also result in white spots on teeth due to Decalcification.

Last but not least, enamel hypoplasia occurs when teeth are still developing, resulting in thin enamel. In this article, we will discuss how white spots occur in more detail. 

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Fluorosis is a dental condition caused by fluoride that affects teeth cosmetically. During childhood, an excessive amount of fluoride exposure causes this condition. A child’s permanent teeth are developing during this time.

After teeth have grown in, patients with fluorosis may notice their teeth are slightly discolored. Dentists are sometimes the only ones who can detect lacy white marks. In severe cases, however, the following may occur:

  • Stains that range from brown to yellow
  • Surfaces that are uneven
  • Pits that are highly visible

Decalcification or Demineralization

Decalcification, also known as demineralization, results from bacteria buildup in the mouth. Decalcification can occur as a result of these bacteria weakening the enamel. 

As the enamel wears away, white or brown spots can appear on the teeth. Having this type of tooth discoloration can lead to cavities, so you should be examined by your dentist at every appointment.

Enamel Hypoplasia or Turners Tooth

In the dental field, Turner’s Tooth is referred to as Enamel Hypoplasia, which affects the enamel of the tooth and can cause sensitivity, decay, and a disfiguring appearance.

Patients with this condition have white or yellow spots on their teeth. It is not uncommon for enamel crowns to appear pitted or grooved, and in extreme cases, the entire tooth may lack enamel.

Infection is a high risk due to the loss of the protective layer on the teeth, causing significant pain to the child and possibly leading to tooth loss. It could indirectly lead to developmental complications, such as speech, eating, or chewing difficulties. 

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How Do You Get Rid of White Spots on Your Teeth?

White spots on teeth can be removed in a number of ways.

The treatment of white spots depends on their cause. Depending on the cause, you may be able to use the following treatments.

  • Carbonated beverages and acidic fruits and drinks should be reduced if you drink them frequently. Replace soda with water and reduce your consumption of acidic foods.
  • When your child turns two years old, switch to a non-fluoride toothpaste and monitor tap water intake. You can use a rice-sized amount of toothpaste for children under three years old, and a pea-sized amount for children older than three years old.
  • In addition to over-the-counter products and in-office treatments, such as laser bleaching, teeth whitening options are available on the market.
  • It is more likely that the dentist will remove a small amount of enamel around the white spot rather than removing the whole spot. Whitening the teeth in this way will make them appear uniform. The best results are often obtained by combining this treatment with teeth whitening.
  • When you have a few white spots, a composite resin can be used to cover them.
  • Porcelain veneers, thin layers of porcelain bonded to your teeth, can conceal the white spots. In addition to hiding the discoloration, they prevent further damage to the teeth.
  • Sleeping with a chin strap prevents your mouth from drying out, which causes white spots on your teeth.

Consult Your Dentist About White Stains on Your Teeth

You can discuss any white spots on your teeth with your local dental professional, where a wide range of dental services are available for you and your family.  

Disclaimer – This article is intended to promote understanding of and knowledge about orthodontics and general oral health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your orthodontist or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment.

3 Causes of White Spots on Teeth & How to Get Rid of Them

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